Laser-induced incandescence: Particulate diagnostics for combustion,atmospheric, and industrial applications

In this paper, we review the fundamentals and applications of laser-induced incandescence (LII) for particulate diagnostics in a variety of fields. The review takes into account two variants of LII, one that is based on pulsed-laser excitation and has been mainly used in combustion diagnostics and emissions measurements, and an alternate approach that relies on continuous-wave lasers and has become increasingly popular for measuring black carbon in environmental applications.

- H.A. Michelsen a, C. Schulz b, G.J. Smallwood c, S. Will