Cloud, Aerosol, and Precipitation Spectrometer with Depolarization
The CAPS-DPOL is a multipurpose, research-grade cloud spectrometer that includes three Droplet instruments (CIP, LWC, and CAS); temperature and relative humidity sensors; and polarization measurement to discriminate between water and ice.TALK TO AN EXPERT
PADS – Particle Analysis and Display System
The CAPS-DPOL is available with optional PADS software. PADS displays a user-friendly virtual instrument panel that enables the user to do the following tasks:
- Start data recording and sampling
- View real-time particle image data acquired by the CIP
- View particle volume and number concentrations, as well as Median Volume Diameter (MVD) and Effective Diameter (ED)
- View LWC as measured or calculated by the hotwire LWC, CIP, and CAS
- Monitor instrument parameters like CIP laser current and various electronics voltages
- Play back data for post-flight viewing
Particle imaging, polarization detection, and hotwire sensing
The three Droplet instruments included in the CAPS-DPOL are the Cloud Imaging Probe (CIP), the Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer with Depolarization (CAS-DPOL), and the Hotwire Liquid Water Content Sensor (Hotwire LWC).
- Shadow images of particles passing through a collimated laser beam are projected onto a linear array of 64 photodetectors to determine presence of particles.
- Particle images are reconstructed from individual “slices,” where a slice is the state of the 64-element linear array at a given moment in time.
- The CAS-DPOL collects forward-scattered light to determine particle size, and polarized back-scatter light to differentiate between spherical and aspherical particles.
- The LWC features a coiled wire that is maintained at 150 °C, which acts as variable resistance in a Wheatstone Bridge circuit.
- The resistance of the sensing coil is directly proportional to its temperature.
- Power dissipated by the sensor to maintain temperature is used to calculate vaporization, and in turn, liquid water content.
|Parameter||CIP Specification||CAS Specification||LWC Specification|
|Technique||Optical Array Probe with 64 elements: 62 sizing elements, end diodes reject||Forward- and Back-Scatter Light Sensors||Temperature-Controlled Hotwire Sensor|
|Measured Particle Size Range||12.5 µm – 1.55 mm (standard)||0.51 µm to 50 µm||N/A; measured LWC range is 0 - 3 g/m3|
|Sample Area||10 cm x 1.55 mm||11.1 mm x 120 µm||N/A|
|Upper Concentration Range||Depends on particle size, but up to 500 particles/ cm3 for a CIP with standard tips and arm width||Greater than 1,000 particles/cm3 after corrections for coincidence that are about 25% at 800 and 30% at 1,000 particles/cm3||3 g/m3|
|Air Speed Range||10 - 300 m/s||10 - 200 m/s||10 - 200 m/s|
|Number of Size Bins||62||Selectable; 10, 20, 30, or 40||N/A|
|Sampling Frequency||1D histogram data: 0.05 to 40 Hz 2D image data: variable interval, when buffer fills||Selectable, 0.05 to 40 Hz||N/A|
|Laser||658 nm, 30 mW||658 nm, ~50 mW||N/A|
|Light-scattering Parameters||N/A||Non-absorbing refractive index: 1.3 – 1.7|
Light collection angles: 4° - 12°, 168° - 176°
|Auxiliary Parameters||Ambient Temperature, Relative Humidity, Static Pressure, Dynamic Pressure (CIP)||N/A||N/A|
|Data System Interface:||2D CIP data: RS-422, High Speed, 4 Mb/sec Baud Rate System data: RS-422, 56.6 kb/sec Baud Rate|
|Weight||45 lbs./20.4 kg|
|Power Requirements||28VDC: 10A for probe system, and 45A for anti-ice heaters, optional AC voltages for anti-ice heaters|
|Environmental Operating Conditions||Temperature: 0 – 40°C (32 – 104 °F) RH: 0 – 100%, non-condensing|
- PADS software and laptop
- Data Acquisition System
The Lifecycle Care Program ensures CAPS-DPOL integrity and performance vital to your research mission for 3 years or 3 calls (whichever comes first). When conducting complex and time intensive laboratory or field measurements it is critical to avoid down time, and ensure data collection accuracy. The program consists of 3 key deliverables for each year or call:
- Instrument Logistics
- Instrument Integrity
- Instrument Performance
Lifecycle Care Program Includes:
- Shipping to and from Droplet Measurement Technologies facility
- Customs handling, including CARNET ATA if required
- Incoming instrument evaluation and health check
- Software and firmware validation
- 100%-unit functionality test
- Calibration data
- Calibration report
- Certificate of calibration
At times, our technician might discover an instrument issue, which might not be covered by the Lifecycle Care Program or by our product warranty. In such case we will reach out to you with a service & repair estimate to allow you to provide us with the next steps of action.
The origin of midlatitude ice clouds and the resulting influence on their microphysical properties
The radiative role of ice clouds in the atmosphere is known to be important, but uncertainties remain concerning the magnitude and net effects. However, through measurements of the microphysical properties of cirrus clouds, we can better characterize them, which can ultimately allow for their radiative properties to be more accurately ascertained.Read More
A microphysics guide to cirrus clouds – Part 1: Cirrus types
Our study aims to provide a guide to cirrus microphysics, which is compiled from an extensive set of model simulations, covering the broad range of atmospheric conditions for cirrus formation and evolution...Read More
Classification of Arctic, midlatitude and tropical clouds in themixed-phase temperature regime
With this study, we aim to contribute to a large statistical database on cloud types in the mixed-phase temperature regime.Read More